Opening of Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) Trading Houses in Iran: An Intelligence Assesment Report

Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) and the Trading House
Eurasian Economic Union logo (Credits: Eurasian Commission vector version by Thommy, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons)

Persian Files ISSN 2975-0598 Volume 21 Issue 2
Author: Silvia Boltuc

The recent suggestion to open an Eurasian Economic Union Trading House in Iran underlined the organisation’s commitment to increase trade and cooperation with the Islamic Republic and the positive and increasing relations between Moscow and Tehran on different issues related to the Eurasian geopolitical chessboard.

This initiative aims to capitalise on the exclusive market access conditions secured through the FTA, anticipating a substantial increase in bilateral trade. The report evaluates the geopolitical and economic implications, identifies challenges and opportunities, and conducts a risk assessment to provide strategic insights.

Background Information

On February 9th, 2024, during the international forum “Russia 2030 and the New World Economic Order: Key Factors and the Role of Business” held in Moscow, the Minister of Trade of the Eurasian Economic Commission (EEC), Andrey Slepnev, proposed the establishment of EAEU Trading Houses in Iran and other promising partner countries, following the signing of a comprehensive Free Trade Agreement (FTA) in December 2023.

The Free Trade Agreement (FTA), signed on December 25th, 2023, builds upon the previous Interim Agreement and has significantly boosted mutual trade between EAEU and Iran. Slepnev’s call for the establishment of trading houses underscores the need for a sustained approach beyond a single agreement to foster continued economic growth and collaboration.

Geopolitical and Economic Implications

Slepnev’s vision for the establishment of a trade house aligns with a broader strategy to amplify economic ties and elevate the EAEU’s standing in Iran. Beyond immediate economic gains, this proposal positions the EAEU as a central player in shaping the future economic order in the Eurasian region.

The move signifies a geopolitical shift, demonstrating an inclination towards increased collaboration and economic integration. By strategically opening a trade house in Iran, the EAEU seeks not only to exploit economic opportunities but also to enhance its geopolitical influence, marking a calculated step towards regional dominance in the evolving economic landscape.

The significance of this proposal extends beyond the realm of commercial transactions; it symbolises a commitment to fostering enduring partnerships with Iran. The establishment of a trade house represents a multilayered strategy that goes beyond traditional trade agreements, aiming to create a dynamic hub for economic activities, knowledge exchange, and cultural interaction.

This strategic move aligns with the broader objective of the EAEU to play a pivotal role in shaping the future economic dynamics of the Eurasian region, offering member countries an opportunity to solidify their positions on the global economic stage through a strengthened presence in Iran.

Read more | EAEU-Iran: Towards the Creation of a Full-Fledged Free Trade Zone

Challenges and Opportunities

The elimination of import customs duties on almost 90% of the commodity nomenclature through the Free Trade Agreement (FTA) between the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) and Iran paves the way for extensive economic opportunities.

However, the proposal to open trading houses brings forth a set of challenges that must be addressed to ensure the initiative’s success. Logistical intricacies, including supply chain management and transportation, regulatory compliance, and cultural nuances, present formidable hurdles that require meticulous consideration.

Despite the challenges, the establishment of trading houses presents an unparalleled opportunity to create exclusive conditions for market access. These dynamic platforms are poised to act as catalysts for business development, fostering a conducive environment for networking and knowledge exchange.

The prospect of leveraging the trading houses as multifaceted hubs underscores the strategic value of this initiative, extending beyond mere commercial transactions. Balancing the intricacies of logistical, regulatory, and cultural challenges against the potential economic benefits becomes a critical aspect in the comprehensive planning and execution of the proposed trading houses.

The success of the initiative hinges on adeptly managing these challenges to unlock the full economic potential and establish a lasting presence in the targeted markets.

In essence, the challenges and opportunities inherent in the proposal to open trading houses represent a delicate balancing act. The complexities of navigating logistical, regulatory, and cultural hurdles are counteracted by the potential economic benefits that can be harnessed through these strategic platforms.

The success of this initiative lies in the meticulous management of challenges, ensuring that the trading houses serve as dynamic engines for economic growth, innovation, and collaborative development within the EAEU-Iran economic landscape.

Read more | Iran and the IRISL Group’s Crucial Role in the International North-South Transport Corridor (INSTC)


In conclusion, Minister Andrey Slepnev’s proposal to establish EAEU Trading Houses in Iran and other promising partner countries, following the comprehensive Free Trade Agreement (FTA) of December 2023, underscores Moscow and Tehran’s desire to deeper economic collaboration and geopolitical influence in the Eurasian region.

The FTA has set the stage for a substantial increase in bilateral trade, with Slepnev envisioning a significant growth trajectory from the current $6 billion to a targeted $18-20 billion within the next few years. The proposal, originating from the international forum “Russia 2030 and the New World Economic Order,” reflects a commitment to a sustained approach beyond singular agreements, emphasising the necessity of continuous economic growth and collaboration.

Looking ahead, the geopolitical and economic implications of establishing EAEU Trading Houses in Iran are profound.

In addition, Slepnev’s vision aligns with Tehran’s recent policies. The Middle Eastern country aims to ease its international isolation by fostering alliances with regional partners who hold great interest in the potential of the Islamic Republic and its strategic location. Various strategic actors across regions like China, Russia, Central Asian republics, and the Caucasus are actively seeking closer cooperation with Iran.

While some countries have experienced a saturation of markets because of a constant influx of foreign direct investments, Iran’s years of isolation have resulted in numerous untapped opportunities in strategic sectors for investment. Despite the global attention paid to the oil and gas sector, Tehran presents a diverse range of market segments that can foster profitable collaborations and facilitate import-export growth.

The expansion of the regional network contributes to enhanced stability as a secondary outcome. Countries like Saudi Arabia and Azerbaijan have strategically taken advantage of improving relations with the Islamic Republic in exchange for clear economic benefits, infrastructure development, and enhanced security ties.

However, the success of this initiative hinges on effectively addressing challenges while harnessing opportunities. The elimination of import customs duties through the FTA provides extensive economic opportunities, yet the logistical, regulatory, and cultural challenges associated with opening trading houses demand meticulous consideration.

Balancing these intricacies will be critical to establishing a robust foundation for the trading houses, ensuring they serve as dynamic engines for economic growth, innovation, and collaborative development within the EAEU-Iran economic landscape. The proposal offers a delicate but promising balancing act, marking a pivotal juncture in shaping the future economic dynamics of the Eurasian region.

If you are interested in acquiring a deep understanding of the political and economic dynamics of the Islamic Republic of Iran and the EAEU, we invite you to contact SpecialEurasia at Our team is prepared to assist you in evaluating the possibility of acquiring a carefully designed and specialised report that caters to your specific intelligence needs.

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